So he gave up even this opportunity to stay in the Elven house of healing, and continued his struggle for the good of the Free Peoples of Middle-earth. I will examine its development and the nature of their friendship, in an attempt to find out whether it can be regarded as friendship according to Aristotle’s philosophical account, and if yes, what kind of friendship it is. And similarly, if Frodo loved Sam only because of the help he provided for him, he would probably not have tried to deter him from following him, but rather forced him to it. Aristotle; Ross, W.D. Certainly, their opinions differed the most regarding whether or not to keep Gollum as their guide. Sam : I know. Sam's Rope Galadriel's gifts to Samwise Gamgee differ somewhat between the books and movies, but the inclusion of Elven rope can be found in both. This sudden romantic desire was quite surprising because he had never mentioned her until the third chapter of Book Six, when Sam remembered her for the first time. The Return of the King 10. To escape, they jump into a canal. Sam even implemented this literally when he actually accompanied Frodo everywhere he went. Michael Stocker, a professor of Ethics and Political Philosophy from Syracuse University, explains it: “For those other things include many complex psychic structures, such as those of interest, energy, and mood. The philosopher exemplifies this kind of friendship by the relationship of host and guest (NE, book VIII, chapter 3), which is like a short-term equivalent of the master-servant relationship. At this moment he gave up the prospect of soon reaching a comfortable, safe place – meaning Minas Tirith – that would end this strenuous plodding, and continued on the journey with Frodo, which became even more grueling and perilous. I will examine its development and the nature of their friendship, in an attempt to find out whether it can be regarded as friendship according to Aristotle’s philosophical account, and if yes, what kind of friendship it is. Well, after all those years spent with him around and knowing what a big affection Sam had for him, it was natural that his relationship to him grew into something more than only a utility friendship. And after they entered Mordor, Sam sacrificed his sleep in order to keep watch over his master. They later discovered that Gollum had been following them, wanting the Ring for himself, and had managed to capture him. Sam was still aware of the social difference between him and Frodo and recognized himself as inferior, yet even in this can be spotted a slight difference. 1. Later during the journey, they shared food and water. For example, he climbed a tree with him to meet the Elves, despite of his fear of heights; and woke up in the middle of the night and followed his master to Galadriel’s mirror or to the Forbidden Pool at Faramir’s secret hiding place in Ithilien. It is on the road from Minas Tirith to Minas Morgul. And although he too sailed to the West in his old age (ibid., p. 1097), it was not certain whether he ever reached it and met Frodo again, or whether Frodo, being much older, was not already dead by that time. @smcs Everything happened before the French Revolution, after all. Follow answered Jul 7 '16 at 4:03. ), but if you're looking for a single map with the whole journey and critical locations marked, this is your map. Being master and servant, they were contraries according to Aristotle, and followed distinct aims by their mutual interaction. For a reader unaware of the slightest indications, it may seem that the change in Frodo’s relationship to his loyal gardener was not any greater than that on Sam’s side, since it was not so apparent on the outside. We could assume they are Harfoots as Harfoots were the most common type of hobbits, most normal, and most likely to live in holes (and Bag End was the grandest of holes).” quoted from my Internet conversation with a member of The Tolkien Society web page. While Sam was better regarding friendly deeds, Frodo, being the richer one, gained a good point for sharing his wealth with his servant. This means that “if we can we should return the equivalent of what we have received” (NE, book VIII, chapter 13); or in other words, that every good one receives from his friend he should repay in equal merit. 352 pp. There was a prophet, his name was Elijah. Tolkien, J.R.R., The Hobbit, 2011, London: HarperCollins, 2011. 0. He also had no advantage from coming with Frodo—only struggle, pain and the threat of death. And as the story evolves, it is again the very same feeling that disallows them to leave him. They were in a belt of trees of vast size. Yet, Sam’s love for Rosie was of different kind than his love for Frodo. Frodo and Sam were walking though the razor-sharp winding paths of the Emyn Muil, but were not making any progress. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. The FOA is available on the WebBGAS website, an online application system used for SAMHSA block grants and the PATH program. Sam was still aware of the social difference between him and Frodo and recognized himself as inferior, yet even in this can be spotted a slight difference. Tolkien, J.R.R., The Silmarillion, 1992, London: HarperCollins, 1992. But his love for Frodo was bigger than his moral obligation to the Free Peoples of Middle-earth. This is a high resolution interactive map of J.R.R. March 12: Gollum leads Frodo and Sam into Shelob's Lair. To Old Gaffer, Sam’s father, Frodo expressed “[p]erfect satisfaction” with his son (ROTK, book VI, chapter 8), and as a sign of his gratitude he asked Sam to reside with him. Yet, since Sam, as the youngest son and with his older brothers already having left their birthplace, was soon supposed to take over his father’s job, he kept some personal distance from Frodo and acknowledged him as his superior. Merry apparently stopped travelling once he … I want to hear more about Sam. In any case, it was not easy for him to make friends. Note: Why the … Morannon. His other sacrifices from the early stage of their relationship included, for example, sitting at Frodo’s bed all the time while he was recovering from being hurt by the Black Rider, when he could have enjoyed the healing atmosphere of Elrond’s house instead. So in the end he had to give up even this, and depart from Middle-earth forever. He did not want to expose him to any danger, even if he was willing to come (FOTR, book I, chapter 4). (CONTINUED) 7. His dearest friend, whom he loved the most, was definitely Bilbo because they were so much alike. But Frodo knew that what Sam really desired was to live a peaceful life with his family, so he decided it for him. Science Fiction & Fantasy Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for science fiction and fantasy enthusiasts. One is the moment described above, and the other time it is after the Ring has been destroyed. Favorite Answer. Rightly then is he thought to be good, since he chooses nobility before all else” (NE, book IX, chapter 8). But admittedly, his former feeling of guilt about participating in the conspiracy was caused by his promise to Gandalf, too, who commanded him not to speak about Frodo’s secret—the Ring and the real intentions behind his rehousing. After they left Rivendell, Sam referred to Frodo by using “sir” only on two occasions: first, when they talked about what would become of their story and whether anyone would ever read it to his children, and the other time when he was scared about Frodo’s reaction to the information that Sam has taken his Ring. It is as if the mere fact that it involves unreal, supernatural characters such as elves, hobbits or ents make it impossible for people to relate to them and consequently study their behavior towards each other in strictly human terms. 464 pp. ISBN 0-8014-8097-3, , 2006a, London: HarperCollins, 1981. "The Uncle Sam Bikeway’s southernmost trailhead is located on Ingalls Avenue, near 8th Street, in a very urban residential area of Troy. It left an empty space in his heart, as depicted in the scene when he was coming home from the Grey Havens accompanied by Merry and Pippin. [stops and turns … Die beliebteste Farbe? Sam’s Relationship to Frodo before the War of the Ring. Author’s Note: In the text I use the following abbreviations: Another example of Frodo’s growing concern, now especially for Sam, can be found at the beginning of chapter 1, Book Two, “Many Meetings”, when he woke up in Elrond’s house in Rivendell after he has survived the cut of the Ringwraith’s knife. 480 pp. As he said, he would never mean any harm to Frodo. It's labeled "burned circle". He might also have been taking his meals with his master. A man makes friends with someone when he needs something from him. Sam sees him leave with the boat so he tries to stop him, but Frodo doesn’t want to return. From Bree (when Aragorn joins them), they go "into the wild" and across country, not along the road, almost all the way to Rivendell. “But he could not go, not yet.” And although he finally decided for the right thing, “what he was doing was altogether against the grain of his nature” (TT, book IV, chapter 10). Moreover, his admiration for Frodo is very similar to present day worship of the leaders of certain social groups by young people, and that is an exact example of friendship of pleasure as understood by Aristotle. He was actually happy that he did not have to face the peril alone. However, he does meet them and convey them to the a hidden Gondorian sanctuary where they can rest. Frodo feels the Ring resist, pulling him backward. Aristotle’s Ethics. First, achieving the reconciliation was not effortless; Sam actually had to fight his way to save Frodo, although thanks to a strange turn of fortune, most of the enemies in the orc tower had been cleared off before he came there. In today's episode it is not an interview due to a scheduling conflict so I talk about pivoting and persevering Sam Wise's speech to Frodo in the two towers that I referenced. Frodo, being an orphan whose parents died when he was twelve years old, and who had been raised up by relatives who did not like him much because of his origin, must have felt lonely and neglected until his younger cousins grew up. It started off with an unanswered offering to carry more load instead of Frodo, which just hints at his readiness to surrender his personal comfort for the good of his friend, but it gradually increased in intensity and relevance. Until their stay in Rivendell, he used it more frequently than after the forming of the Fellowship of the Ring. In addition, his own suffering has taught him how insignificant were many of the problems of his former life, or the current issues of his kinsmen. ISBN 978-0-261-10265-1 It was because of the possession of the Ring, which tried to subdue his mind and he must fight it. Although the account of the War of the Ring in The Silmarillion mentions Sam as Frodo’s servant (SIL, Of the Rings of Power), he was no longer treated or considered as one, definitely not by Frodo, nor by anyone else. (FOTR, book II, chapter 10). As at the beginning, he decided to set out on the journey out of love for his homeland and his own kindred, for “he naturally thought first of the Shire, since his roots were there”, so later at Elrond’s counsel he reconfirmed his decision and undertook the quest “out of love – to save the world he knew from disaster at his own expense” (Carpenter, 2006a, p. 240, 327). … They know Gollum is following, and the hobbits barely manage to capture and bind the wiry creature. That Sam’s relation to Frodo is more than an ordinary servant’s devotion to his master has already been affirmed. But in spite of this change, they have become closer and more intimate than they were before the journey. As he often said, were it not for Lewis, Tolkien would probably never finish The Lord of the Rings (Carpenter, 2006a, p. 362). Although to Faramir he presented Sam as his servant and gardener, in private he once named Sam: “, […] my dear hobbit – indeed, Sam my dearest hobbit, friend of friends. [online]. The yellow dotted line marks Frodo's path. Similarly, in the second case he had a chance for a better destiny than to plod through dying land, starving, straight into the hands of enemy. Therefore, even the Hobbits from Hobbiton where Frodo moved, did not really accept him. And considering that formerly his relationship was only a friendship of utility, this change is even more significant than Sam’s. Other evidence, as well as his anxiety about Frodo’s comfort later during their journey, implies that his duties might have included waking Frodo up in the morning or caring for all the things his master forgot. So at this point their relationship fails to meet the demands of true friendship. The Lord of the Rings, the most famous work of J.R.R. For example, when they met Faramir, he presented him as “Samwise son of Hamfast, a worthy hobbit in my service” (TT, book IV, chapter 4), providing his whole name, not only the shortened version, and using the phrase “in my service” instead of merely naming him “my servant”, which accentuates the respect he gave him. He even decided to name his first-born son after his master, as he still called him. Similarly, for this reason Sam concealed that he was giving almost all his share of food and water to Frodo, starving himself, not wanting to trouble his master with such “unimportant” things, because he knew it would make Frodo feel sorry for him. Their intimacy increased and their mutual affection was strengthened by all the struggles they went through. You shall go away with Mr. Since the definite end of true friendship is the well-being of one’s friend, it is a man’s duty to do what he can to comfort his friends, even if that means giving up some pleasures or things dearest to him and instead taking on the friend’s trouble. When I searched for the topic of friendship in Tolkien’s writings, I could not find any authorized academic research. Their friendship also involved having similar personal characteristics, for they were both hobbits and all hobbits are much alike, preferring peaceful life, being often obstinate and unexpectedly courageous. Frodo and Sam find themselves lost in the rocky hills west of the river. “I should like to save the Shire, if I could – though there have been times when I thought the inhabitants too stupid and dull for words, and have felt that an earthquake or an invasion of dragons might be good for them. ISBN 978-0-261-10358-0. , 1992, London: HarperCollins, 1992. As the story proceeded, we see that their relationship slowly changed. However, there is something untypical about it, and that is the degree of their intimacy, which is not usually found in the master-servant bond. Formally, it is a master-servant relationship, as Sam reminds us by constantly referring to Frodo as his “Master” until the very end of the story. By the end of Book Two, when he had to decide which way to take from Amon Hen, he was already certain about it and Boromir’s attack only initiated his action. We do not actually have much information about Frodo and Sam’s relationship before the events described in the book, but we can get some idea about it, deriving from the relationship of their families, which doubtlessly had a big influence. And second, the award was only momentary and would soon result in much grief for Sam. Helm, B., 2005. However, he still kept in mind his willingness to lay down his life for Frodo and so, motivated by this, he offered to climb first down a cliff , in spite of the fact that he did not know how to do it, reasoning that in case it was too dangerous and he slipped with Frodo beneath him, it would be “no sense in killing two with one fall” (TT, book IV, chapter 1). January 2021 Topic Challenge: Isaac Asimov. Sam had already been working for Frodo for about twenty years (assuming that he has been in Frodo’s service at least since Bilbo’s 111th birthday party) when they left the Shire to get the Ring away. However, Sam would bear his sorrow from their separation to the end of his life, which he had expected to spend at Frodo’s side. He is surprised to see Sam and utterly elated to find that Sam has saved the Ring. If sam and frodo had had this google map of middle earth their journey would likely have been a lot easier than the one in the lord of the rings. [online]. Sean Astin as Samwise Gamgee: Better known as Sam, a hobbit gardener and Frodo's best friend. It is because once you love someone for his sake, you wish him wellbeing and aim for it. Before releasing them, Faramir takes them to Osgiliath. Why would a civilization only be able to walk counterclockwise around a thing they're looking at? Gollum fishes in waterfall pool. In The Stanford Eancyclopedia of Philosophy. Therefore, even the Hobbits from Hobbiton where Frodo moved, did not really accept him. He knew that he had to resume the quest. The Black Gate would clearly have been straight up suicide, they … However, in certain situations even such non-reciprocal behavior can be excused. But we are. Only you can tame it and cast it away. "Get up, Sam!" It left an empty space in his heart, as depicted in the scene when he was coming home from the Grey Havens accompanied by Merry and Pippin. Definitely, the first great sacrifice that Frodo made is the decision to set on a journey and take the Ring away from Shire. (All quotes come from the chapters "Of Herbs and Stewed Rabbit" and "The Window on the West" from Book IV of The Two Towers, but they are too fragmentary so I'm foregiong the traditional blockquote and hand-drawn red circle. He wanted the … Sam did for Frodo a great deal more than Frodo did for Sam. However, here someone may object as to whether this is not also typical for the friendship of virtue – the true friendship. ” (ROTK, book VI, chapter 9) when he reached his home and family. Frodo, preoccupied by his burden of the Ring, did not much openly manifest what Sam meant to him, so it appears as if his attitude has not developed. There is no Under-way or Undergate; the Orcs carry the body up the path with Sam following behind. Therefore, Sam’s relationship to Frodo can be classified as friendship. Tolkien, J.R.R., The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, 2011, London: HarperCollins, 2011. But since it had not yet come to a direct confrontation with enemies, and there is no any evidence of them fighting with the Black Riders at Weathertop, it is not certain whether he would really be able to strike or give way to fear. His only trouble was Frodo’s recurring illness and he was pained by how little honour the hobbit folk showed to his master. This was actually the first time Frodo spoke about his feelings to Sam. But his sacrifice reached its peak in the last phase of their journey towards Mount Doom, when he carried Frodo up the slope of the mountain on his back. Interactive Fantasy Maps Middle Earth Map. It is their mutual love that makes them go. Moreover, Sam’s love for Frodo sometimes seemed almost blind, for he considered him to be perfect, which is in contradiction with the characteristic of true friends who view each other objectively, taking into consideration both their good and bad qualities. But in spite of the fact that Sam’s relationship to Frodo already showed some signs of virtue—he loved Frodo so dearly, knew him so well and was even willing to “, jump down a dragon’s throat to save [him], if he did not trip over his own feet. The adventures of Frodo ’ s almost parent-like affection and teenage-like admiration to Frodo be.... His feelings, because the people he lived with did not consider to! Line to show Sam how much he appreciated his services, even though he treated rather. From Fourth Quarter 2020 take into Mordor grew despondent loved the most famous work of J.R.R first time spoke... Confirmed him to be considered here is the moment described above, muttering words that ran down the.! 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