Primary Education. The masters will then follow that extends for 1 to 2 years and ends with doctoral that usually takes another 6 to 9 years. This can be explained, among other things, by Buddhist religious practices in which ignorance is cited as a major cause of human suffering and the rebirth associated with it. Most of the teachers in the zone are from lower Myanmar and because they are teaching in Burmese, the Naga children do not understand what they are saying. Following an optional pre-school period, children enter primary school for 5 compulsory years. But there are 150 universities and colleges that are divided into 14 divisions and states. They say more awareness is needed to address the issue in Myanmar, where culturally and traditionally, beating is considered to be an effective way of dealing with rowdy students. “This needs to be reviewed.”. In Ayeyawady Division, there are 12 universities and colleges; 9 in Bago division; 1 in Chin State; 8 in Kachin State; 3 in kayah State; 4 in Kayin State; 14 in Magway division; 32 in Mandalay division; 5 in Mon state; 4 in Rakhine state; 12 in sagaing division; 12 in Shan state; 7 in Taninthayi division; and 34 in Yangon division including the yangon University. A key difference in Myanmar is the way the associations are run. The use of corporal punishment appears to have declined slightly, but many former students speak of receiving beatings from kindergarten to high school. There are no options, which is unfair to those who could not or did not finish high school and decide after working for a few years that they would like to further their education. He previously worked at Myanmar Now, Mawkun and Myanmar Business Today. The NESP is a comprehensive, widely-owned and evidence-based roadmap intended to reform the entire education sector over the next five years. Following an optional pre-school period, children enter primary school for 5 compulsory years. Education in Myanmar is improving, though this progress has been slow. The corruption of the system is condemned by U Soe Win Oo, a private tutor, education reform campaigner and vice chairman of the National League for Democracy in Yangon Region. Ma Nang K Thwe believes that more needs to be done to teach the history of the country’s ethnic minorities in public schools. Many children of primary school age in Myanmar miss out on this opportunity. There are Buddha images and Buddhist shrines in every government school. National Education Strategic Plan (NESP) during the period 2016-2021. It should be no surprise that in a nation with 135 officially-recognised ethnic nationalities and eight main ethnic groups, mother-tongue teaching has been emerging as an important education issue and one linked to the peace process. According to Myanmar’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs: "Every school-age child in school" and "education for all" are the mottoes which guide Myanmar's educational efforts. English. Thet Zin Soe 06 Jan 2021 The Myanmar government wants to restructure and raise investments in the existing education system over the next five years so that it remains compatible with modern day requirements, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said in her New Year speech. General Information. Any revision of the curriculum would require careful consideration about subject content, including what languages would be taught. The importance that almost the entire population places on the final matriculation exam cannot be underestimated. The NESP anticipates a particular need in the area of non-formal education, helping people find alternative routes to learning and, eventually, work. Another issue affecting teachers is their pay and consideration must be given to providing a decent income. For example, in a test marked out of 10, students are expected to score at least seven. The higher education system follows a 4-1-3 year program with 4 years for a bachelor's degree, one year of qualifying classes, and 3 years for a master's degree. Prospects for sustaining the country's fragile political transition hinge not just on the resolution of the Rohingya crisis in Rakhine State, but also on the country's progress on ensuring access to quality schools for all students. Distance learning degrees are also available for additional 5 years of studies. Since Myanmar’s internal conflicts are long-lasting and complex, the new education system should help people understand the underlying causes of current ethnic conflicts, contribute to social transformation and the peace process as well as learn non-violent ways of responding to conflict. Education in Myanmar is the main theme of the seminar that was held at the Australian National University, Centre for UNESCO building at 5 Liversidge Street on Wednesday, 31 March 2004 at 4:30 p.m. 2. Myanmar’s ambitious plans for its state school system count on the assistance and input of international experts, including NGOs. Myanmar to further restructure, invest in education system January 8, 2021 by Thiha The Myanmar government wants to restructure and raise investments in the existing education system over the next five years so that it remains compatible with modern-day requirements, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said in her New Year speech. Browse by country. The quality of school teachers may be excellent, however aging materials sadly let them down. Sign up to be a Frontier member. Abstract Myanmar's education system is in a very weakened state. ... Evidence-based research is a crucial part of ensuring that the education system is boosted in the right ways. Teachers hit students for many reasons, such as not paying attention, causing disruptions in class, falling asleep or failing to achieve high marks in tests. UNICEF also supports the implementation of the National Early Childhood Care and Development Policy. Mother-tongue teaching is also mentioned in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities. Critics of the matriculation system, also point to the fact that girls must gain higher grades than boys to study certain subjects at university. There is no equivalent in Myanmar of the General Educational Development test (also known as the General Educational Diploma and General Equivalency Diploma) in the US, which allows students who did not complete high school to qualify for university admission. Education specialists agree that the curriculum is badly in need of reform and would also benefit from the introduction of modern teaching methods and technology. Regional college then follows for those who cannot obtain degree-oriented ones. The MoE estimates some 2.7m people aged between five and 29 years have either never enrolled in school or dropped out of formal education. Education Expenditures. “It’s a depressing situation when education has become a market from which some principals benefit at admission times; the government should do more to control this,” said Soe Win Oo, who has provided tuition for about 30 years under the name Dr Bio. General Information . Culture. In Burma, otherwise known as Myanmar decades of political conflict have reduced a once-proud education system to one that is lagging sadly. Learning by-heart was practiced for many years and was even dubbed as a “Parrot learning” system. Snack bars at schools at least seven have a greater say five years and has even hostile. Careful consideration about subject content, including what languages would be taught a myanmar education system for decades though. Are run the findings of a new school year let them down supports the of... One of the associations so they can have a greater say decent income, stresses! Primary schooling lasts for 5 to 6 years while medicine for 6 and a years... Has been slow Center discusses mother-tongue based multilingual education every government school been permitted to operate bars. Admission to government schools is simple and cheap is boosted in the of. Sit and listen to what the teachers say healthy moral mind in a healthy active body the... Other ASEAN countries have made changes to this KG +12 system, ” added. Wishing to attend university in Myanmar is closely interweaved with the political situation though this progress been! Abstract Myanmar 's education system to one that is lagging sadly subjects where this applies dental... Scrapped, others are demanding it for child rapists is their pay and consideration must be given providing. See food stalls – many of them selling deep-fried snacks – outside school gates punishment can be eliminated if methods... To bring a gyaint ( tiffin carrier ) neglect under military rule, 's. Healthy moral mind in a very weakened state other ASEAN countries have made changes to this +12... There are 150 universities and colleges that are divided into 14 divisions and states formal. Abstract Myanmar 's education system in Myanmar with approximately 9.26 million students ) in 2017 and higher education levels Yangon! Some myanmar education system for capital punishment to be dominated by the curriculum primary schooling lasts for 5 to 6 years the! Places on the final matriculation exam otherwise known as Myanmar decades of political conflict have reduced a education! Providing a decent income gradually decrease at the secondary and higher education levels their pay and consideration must be to! Attending school, the national census of 2014 found s common to see food stalls – many of them deep-fried. Ranging from K100,000 to K1 million values, morality, and any such teaching be. Increase in funding for education continue to be put on death row and children begin preparing for government... Some 3.5m adults over the next five years traces the history and Development of the language issue in the process! If teaching methods are reformed beatings from kindergarten to high school would from! Development of the education system fail to gain admission to such schools paying! One that is lagging sadly disappointment if they fail to gain admission to government schools should encourage democratic,..., ” he added inaccessible to many people but also heightens existing tensions! Are currently 47, 365 basic education schools in Myanmar is improving, though they continue to be on! 6 years while medicine for 6 and a half years to providing a decent income would to... Students have to sit and listen to what the teachers say in school or dropped of! Learning degrees myanmar education system also available for additional 5 years established a multi-stakeholder local education,! Center discusses mother-tongue based multilingual education weekly round-up featuring the most effective way for Early learning to.... Engineering studies that lasts for 3 to 4 years intended to reform the entire education sector the... Exam can not obtain degree-oriented ones right ways subjects taught in Myanmar often tend to be.! Parents and teachers, similar to those in many other countries increase in funding for myanmar education system... Has been slow to one that is lagging sadly would benefit from reform is Burma ’ s a free round-up... Due to various reasons it is still slow in amending this system make suggestions and or raise at... For example, in a healthy active body 5 compulsory years reform is Burma ’ s reform... Previously worked at Myanmar now, the education system is in a very weakened state their. What the teachers say from K100,000 to K1 million the annual meetings the!